Sunday, October 27, 2019

KATHOPANISHAD KATHA UPANISHDA 1


        Since the PATANJALI SUTRA YOGA was completed , I decided to continue the same blog  and not changing the name . But I want to start on UPANISHADS. There more than 100 Upanishads  and some are considered very important . There are 10 or 12 Upanishads that are considered very important  and the Katha Upanishads is one of them . It is also very popular and has been discussed  and critique by many and one of the first one that I read many years ago. I have told the story of the Kathopanishada to many including non-Indians  and it is impressive . There are several reasons why I like it  and I will try to tell them in this first Blog.

     The meaning of the Upanishad is 'sitting next to '.The typical format of the Upanishads is to start with a prayer  and then there is a story and the story has the 'teaching ' by the teacher. This is a conversation between the GURU or Teacher  and the SHISHYA or disciple or student. The story itself has teaching and that is the way it differs from the ISAP NITI OR PANCHTANTRA. (For those who are not familiar with the Isap Niti -Isap was a slave  and he has these famous stories where he could Understand the language of the animals  and that created the story  and at the end of the story was 'moral teaching. In Panchtantra there were animal stories  and that had again the moral teaching)
   In Upanishads we have knowledge of  BRAHMAN-so it is Brahma Vidya.The scriptures are always complicated  and written in mystic form. This is true for the Vedic religion and also for the other Abrahamic religions , namely Christianity , Islam and Judaism. From Adam and Eve story to statements like You chop off your arms  and then I will receive you to I am the only God that you should worship - are all the examples of things that are open to interpretation and misunderstandings and then the fights.  So this Upanishad is straight forward . It also deals with Life and Death.We do not know what happens to us after the death (of physical body) and so we are concerned and we are curious  and afraid. But the Death as we know is death of physical body  and not our True Nature or SELF. So this Upanishad addresses it as to what happens after the so called DEATH.
    We have had discussions on reincarnation and so Vedic religion believes that we have several lives  and we are reborn and the BIRTH AND DEATH ARE CYCLES  and there is o end to it unless---?.
So this Upanishad does affirms the idea of reincarnation.
    We have also heard in our life about the Gods doing this  and that  and we often give HUMAN qualities to the Gods . The God is merciful and God will forgive  and God will get mad  and God will punish etc. But then on other hand we also talk about the PURUSHA which has no Gunas  and he is independent observer . So what is the Truth . Is there a God of that has these qualities . Is there a GOD OF DEATH the YAMA or YAMARAJ ? This Upanishad has the answer  and the YAMA the God of death is teaching about LIFE  AND LIFE AFTER DEATH !
    So I will try to start the real verses in my next blog .

PLEASE VISIT MY NEW BLOG ON KATHOPNISHAD.BLOGSPOT.COM

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

NEWS FLASH

    THE PATANJALI SUTRA YOGA IS DONE WITH. I AM STILL TRYING TO GRASP IT AND MAY BE ONE DAY DO A E BOOK OUT OF IT  AND I AM WORKING ON WHAT I WROTE FOR LAST FEW YEARS.

BUT I ALSO WANTED TO LET YOU KNOW THAT I HAVE ANOTHER BLOG
WWW.BRAINSTORM-AVINASH1.BLOG SPOT.COM
AND I HAVE MANY GOOD STORIES THAT WILL ENTERTAIN AND MAKE YOU THINK .
I HAVE DONE THAT BLOG FOR MORE THAN 5 YEARS . PLEASE VISIT AND LET ME KNOW HOW YOU LIKE IT. I HAVE  BLOGS ON MEDICINE, WEIGHT LOSS , HEALTH CARE AND THINGS LIKE GOD PARTICLE, DARK ENERGY PRAYERS, DARK MATTER  AND MANY MORE TOPICS .
    I ALSO STARTED A YOU TUBE CHANNEL CALLED JUST A TALK .
   YOU WILL GET TO IT IF YOU GO ON YOU TUBE  AND LOOK FOR JUST A TALK .
BLACK CIRCLE WITH J IN THE MIDDLE IS MY CHANEL . PLEASE CHECK THAT OUT .
   
    I HAVE PLAN TO START ONE OF THE INTERESTING UPANISHADS  MOST LIKELY KATHOPANISHAD SOON ON THIS BLOG SITE . SO LOOKING FORWARD TO THAT. 

Sunday, August 25, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA- 34

PURUSHARTH SHUNYANAM GUNANAM PRATIPRASAVAH KAVAILAM SWARUPA

                                     PRATISHTA VA CHITTISHAKTER ITI
SINCE (3)GUNAS ARE DONE WITH IT'S FUNCTION,THEY REGRESS TO IT'S PREVIOUS

STATUS AND THAT IS THE KAIVALYA STATE (LIBERATION) AS PURUSHA DOES NOT   

                                     UNITE WITH TENDENCIES OF MIND
          This is the last of the SUTRAS of this chapter and also that of PATANJALU SUTRA YOGA . We started with control of mind  and the the tendencies  and then we are told how to control and then what we get as POWERS or SIDHHIS when we are successful, At different levels of achievements , we experience the different powers. These are the SIDHHIS.But the purpose of the Meditation is not to get the SIDHHIS or the powers, but is to have the liberation of the SOUL . The soul is the reflection of the SELF which has identifies with body. The enjoyment of the SELF when it identifies with body is through GUNAS. So the purpose of the GUNAS is to provide pleasure. The Gunas have the origin from the NATURE or Prakruti. The SELF is independent observer. When the SOUL identifies with BODY,is gets entangled in pleasure  and sorrow. So when the SELF IS FREE of DESIRES, there is no work left for the Gunas  and then when there is no job or function left for the Gunas, they regress to the NATURE or Prakruti. If you recollect at the beginning of the Universe , The SPIRIT - PURUSH which has no desires comes in contact with NATURE or PRAKRUIT which has desires  as it has GUNAS, come together and the LIFE starts or Universe is born . We represent microcosm of the Universal Macrocosm. So for the YOGI, who has gotten rid of desires  and is without GUNAS, is free and has realized the SELF  and that is the LIBERATION OR KAIVALYA.

Sunday, August 18, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA- 33

                KSHANA PRATIYOGI PARINAM APARANTA NIRGRAHYAH KRAMAH

       KRAMA IS FLOW OF KSHANA (OR SMALLEST PART OF TIME), IS DEPENDENT 

                                  UPON PERCEPTION OF END OF EACH MODIFICATION 
         When the time is divided in it.s smallest units, in Sanskrit it is called Kshana.The series of the KSHANA makes the TIME. One moment ENDS AND THE OTHER starts  and then the next one ends  and next to it starts . So the previous KSHANA  and the next one can not coexist with each other . One has to end  and then  the other starts. So the changes are related to 3 Gunas. We were told that the Gunas or their effects ceases when the Yogi achieves the level of TURYA Samadhi status. So then the question is why doe Yogi continues to LIVE?
     Everything in the physical world changes every second whether we can see it or not. The iron rots, the flower blossoms and we do not notice the change even when we watch daily. So the changes happen  and that is due to the 3 Gunas. So the question is when the Gunas cease to have effect why does the physical body continues to survive.
      For the Yogi when he achieves the KAIWALYA,the Chitta is transcendental and the for him the time  and space stops. But he still has the effects of previous Karma  and so that has to continue . Then new Karma will not cause the effects  as there is no GUNA causing the Desire  and there is no new impression. But the physical body has to FULFILL the effects of previous Karma - previous to achieving the Turya Samadhi level.
                                 

Saturday, August 17, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA -32

       TATAH  KRUTARTHANAM  PARINAM KRAMA SAMAPTIH GUNANAM

    THEN  FOR YOGIS (WHO HAVE REACHED THE DHARM MEGH SAMADHI)

                      THE SERIES OF MODIFICATIONS OF GUNAS CEASES

    This Sutra is the continuation of the story of progress of a YOGI who achieves higher and higher and then highest levels of Samadhi.The Satwa Guna which is pure pertaining to KNOWLEDGE, the Rajasic quality which is activating and laziness or lack of any activity ,which is the quality of Tamasic Guna all have been modified with the origin of the universe. The Nature or the Prakruti has the Gunas and they are the reason why we act or we have various desires.The Gunas are not part of SELF. The pleasure or pain of the physical body is due to the Gunas .Even when we don't do any activity , we are DOING the inactivity. Without the 3 Gunas, we will not do any activity .
     The 3 Gunas have changed from their original status in MAHAT TATWA ans then universal ego, then 5 TANMATRA, 5 PRANAS,5 ORGANS OF ACTION AND 5 ORGANS OF PERCEPTION AND OFF COURSE CHITTA  and Physical body.The Gunas are effective because we give in . We act due to desire  and desires come from impressions  and impressions are created due to previous actions. So this is a circle. But taking away the desire is like pulling the plug .Without the electrical supple the electrical appliance does not work . So Yogi does  not allow the Gunas to motivate any activity. So the actual activity done by Yogi is without any desire  and so it does not create any impression. This state is called TURYA. STATE. So the Yogi continues to live , but there is no new impression is  created . So in due time the physical body dies and there is no rebirth 

Friday, August 16, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA - 31

TADA  SARVA  AVARANAM  ALPETASYA  DNYANASA  ANANTYAT DNEYAM  ALPAM

THEN (AFTER THE YOGI HAS ACHIEVED THE DHARM MEGH SAMADHI)THE VEIL OR

COVERINGS  OF ILLUSION IS LIFTED AND THE KNOWLEDGE BECOMES LIMITLESS                     
                                 AND  VERY LITTLE IS LEFT TO BE KNOWABLE

     This Sutra is continuation of the previous Sutra. In these Sutra the are talking about the progression of the Samadhi and what happens when one is getting deeper and deeper in state of SAMADHI or meditation. When one developed intuitional  knowledge also called VIVEK KHYATI, he has the knowledge of everything that is to be known.Then not much is left that the Yogi does not know.
    The Nature is changing and there are different forms of the same thing. Take an example of gold  and gold ornaments . When we go to buy the gold ornaments  and enter jeweler shop,we see different ornaments . For the shopper they are different  and so we look at them in different way than the owner or the goldsmith. For him it is the amount of gold that decides the cost mainly and not so much as how it looks . Certainly the labour that is needed to make it also adds to the cost , but for him it is gold  and  not the external appearance . For the customer it is the appearance and how he or she likes the looks .But when one analysis it IT IS ALL GOLD . So this knowledge is there when one knows how the ornaments are made and how much is the gold required  and how much labour is needed. Similarly when the SUN shines the darkness is gone . When there are clouds or when the Sun is covered by the clouds, we can not see clearly . But when the clouds are gone the things become clearer . So when the the veils or coverings of ILLUSIONS are lifted the SUN of knowledge shines  and there is nothing left to be known.
     One can also look at it in little differently too. Say there is a light and  it is covered by a pot. No light is seen . This is the state of ordinary person. He has full covering of illusion and ignorance . When one starts to do the meditation  and achieves some level or has some progress, them that creates some 'holes' in the pot ,so the light can be seen and that light will illuminates the certain surrounding objects . More success in SAMADHI , more holes are created . With DHARM MEGH SAMADHI, the whole pot is lifted and the bright light is seen and it illuminates all the objects and there is not much left to be known . 

Friday, August 9, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA - 30

                             
                                               TAT  KLESHA  KARMA  NIVRUTTIH

BY THAT  THE KLESHAS (AFFLICTION)  AND  KARMA  ARE RETIRED -DESTROYED

      This Sutra is continuation of the previous Sutra. We do Karma  as we have desires  and the desires expects the fruits of the Action or Karma .The 5 KLESHA or the afflictions that have been described in previous Sutras are Avidya which is Ignorance , Asmita which is Ego, Raga which is attachment , Dwesha which is Hatred or aversion Abhinivesh which is attachment to Life  and fear of Death.These as one can see are the cause of the Karma .The ignorance  and the attachments  and the hatred  and the fear of dying leads us to do actions  and then when we do actions, it leads to the impressions. So when we do not have the Kleshas, we do not DO Karma with intentions . Certainly we do do KARMA but since there is no intention or desire for the fruits of our action one way or other we do not have effects of our Karma  and so they are (or correctly their effects ) are destroyed or retired.
    So when one is in highest level of Samadhi, he has no Kleshas or effects of Karma.