Saturday, August 4, 2018

KAVALYA PAAD INTRODUCTION

     The PATANJALI SUTRA  YOGA is divided in to 4 segments . This similar to any other scriptural book . In the first chapter which was called SAMADHI PAAD there was introduction to the ultimate goal KAIVALYA . We were told that the control over CHITTA - THE MIND STUFF . Then in that chapter we were told the nature of the CHITTA and the different tendencies of the CHITTA -MIND  and then how to control those tendencies .In the second chapter , called SADHANAPAAD , we were told the different obstacles in the path of our goal and the meditation. There was also discussion about how to get rid of theses obstacles by concentrating on the GOD and concentration as such of the mind . There was also discussion about the 5 external parts of the YOGA . This was to to get better with concentration of the mind and CHITTA which in tern will help to achieve our Goal of Kaivalya. In the next chapter  called VIBHUTIPAAD , there was discussion about remaining 3 parts of the Yoga -which are internal and about the 3 GUNAS, their effects, nature,and the SIDHHIS or the powers that one achieves with the control over them with the meditation .In the last chapter called KAIVALYA PAAD , there will be discussion about the KAIVALYA or what has been our Goal in doing all this meditation .

     Before we start the SUTRAS from KAIVALYA PAAD , I want to summarize certain things that has been discussed .
1 8 parts of RAJ YOGA
YAMA(RESTRAINTS),NIYAM(OBSERVANCES),ASANA(POSE),PRANAYAM,(BREATHING TECHNIQUE),PRATYAHAR(WITHDRAWAL OF SENSES)--THESE ARE EXTERNAL
DHYAN(CONCENTRATION),DHARANA(MEDITATION),SAMADHI (SUBCONSCIOUSNESS)-THESE 3 ARE INTERNAL
2 YAMA has 5 parts namely, AHINVSA(NONVIOLENCE),SATYA(TELLING TRUTH),ASTYEYA(NON STEALING), BRAHMYACHARY(ABSTINENCE FROM SEX PLEASURE),APARIGRAHA(MON COVETOUSNESS)
3 NIYAMA namely SHAUCH(PURITY OR CLEANLINESS),SANTOSH(CONTENTMENT),TAPAH(AUSTERITY),SWADHYAYA(STUDY OF SCRIPTURES),ISHWAR-PRANIDHAN( SURRENDER TO GOD ),
3 VARIOUS SAMADHIS
SAVITARK AND NIRVITARK -RELATED TO GROSS ELEMENTS
SAVICHAR AND NIRVICHAR - RELATED TO SUBTLE ELEMENTS
SANAND-RELATED TO AHANKARA OR EGO
ASMITA RELATED TO CHITTA OR MIND
ASAMPRAGNYAT - WITHDRAWAL OF CHITTA AND RELATED TO KAIVALYA

Also remember circle of MIND ,Action leads to Impression , -good or bad , the Impression leads to Desire, and then the Desire leads to Action again and the circle continues .More often one does the Action , more DEEPER is Impression and deeper is the Impression ,more intense is the Desire . 

Saturday, July 14, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA 55

                        SATTWA  PURUSHAYOH  SHUDHHI  SAMYE  KIAVALAYAM

WHEN  YOGI  PURIFIES  THE CHITTA HE RECOGNIZES THE SIMILARITY  BETWEEN

                        CHITTA   AND  PURUSHA  HE ATTAINS KAIWALYA  SIDHHI

       This is the last Sutra in this paad . When one continues the meditation and the CHITTA is purified , he recognizes the similarity between the PURUSHA and CHITTA . The CHITTA originates from the NATURE and the SATWIC Guna of the nature . But any time there is part of PRAKRUTI or nature it has all 3 Gunas,though there is dominance of the one . So in CHITTA there is dominance of the SATWIC , but the two other Gunas are there too. The ignorance does not allow one to recognize the purity of the CHITTA . So when one removes the ignorance and the 2 other Gunas disappear, then one recognizes the similarity between the PURUSHA and the CHITTA. -both are pure .
    There is concept that the GOD at the beginning of the universe splits in to SPIRIT - PURUSHA and NATURE OR PRAKRUTI. Purusha has no qualities and does not change . The Nature does . change and has qualities - GUNAS.
   So we are told about the various powers or SIDHHIS that one achieves with concentration on different things -part of nature . Now this is the last one to achieve KAIWALYA .


Sunday, July 8, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD 54

                           TARAKAM  SARVA  VISHAYAM  SARVATHA  VISHAYAM

                                  AKARMAM  CHETI  VIVEKAJAM  DNYANAM

THE  INTUITIVE  INTELLECT  OR  THE KNOWLEDGE  IS SUCH  THAT  ONE  KNOWS

EVERYTHING  ABOUT  EVERYTHING (SARV  VISHAY  AND SARVATHH VISHAY )  AND  IT

DOES  NOT  HAVE  TO  BE IN  CERTAIN  ORDER  AND  ANY  TIME (AKRAM )  AND SUCH

A KNOWLEDGE  IS  SUCH  THAT  THAT PROTECTS  HIM  FROM  THIS  LIFE (MORTAL

                                    LIFE  WITH CYCLE OF LIFE  AND REBIRTH )

       In this Sutra  we are told about the higher levels that are reached by Yogi . Once the Yogi have achieved this level, he knows everything about everything .All of us can see common things -like color size, shape and some other superficial things . But withe intuitive knowledge Yogi knows also about the things that are not easily obvious . So as mentioned in previous Sutras, if one sees a person , the Yogi will know not only the height , weight color , but also the state of mind and previous thoughts and life of  person . This information does not have come from a particular order , but whatever he wants to know he will know. So He does not have to go in any particular order to get to the knowledge about any specific thing .
        When one reaches such a stage that he knows anything and everything about everything, he has full knowledge about the SELF or the PURUSHA and that Knowledge ENDS the cycle of the life and birth.This is called  TARAK or one can swim the ocean of the SAUNSAR .

Sunday, June 17, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA 53

                            JATI  LAKSHANA  DESHAHIM  ANYATA  AVACHHEDAT

                                                  TULYAYOH  TATAH  PRATIPARTTIH

                    ONE  IS ABLE TO DIFFERENTIATE   BETWEEN THE TWO SIMILAR

                    IN THEIR CLASS  ,CHARACTER , PLACE   BUT SEPARATE THINGS

    The objects in this world can look similar or same . Two cows or two dogs look alike but are different. We tend to identify objects as different from one another by their class-dig or cow is class, or by character - 2 dogs look different due to color or weight or what kind of dog it is  and the place we see or find them , -one will not see tiger in house .But we may come across objects that look exactly sames  and we may have very difficult time in identifying them as 2 different things . But Yogi can go beyond the superficial similarity and identify each separately .

    Again this is to do with parts of Nature mind, intellect and Chitta . This is not related to SPIRIT or PURUSHA


VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA -52

                   KSHANA  TAT  KRAMAYOH  SAIYAMAT  VIVEKAJAM  DNYANAM

                  BY CONCENTRATING  ON SERIES OF  MOMENT-KSHANA-  ONE  GETS

                           KNOWLEDGE  OF  DIFFERENCES  IN DIFFERENT  THINGS

        In this Sutra there is mention of unit of Time . We call it KSHANA. OR MOMENT . .This moment was preceded by another Moment and then next one will follow . So there is series of moments  and the Flow of Time continues. There is no beginning or end to it. So the time is made up of many moments. Like anything in this world is made of atomic and subatomic particles - time is made of smallest possible units , called KSHANA. In quantum theory , the smallest unit of time is Planck time .   
       The time that a photon will take to travel Plank distance . In Hindu religion , we have gradually increasing units of time as followes-KSHANA, followed by PAL , followed by GHATIKA,then AHORATRA then PAKSHA, MAS ,RHUTU, FOLLOWED  by AYAN, SAUWATSAR,YUGA AND MANWANTAR AND THEN KALPA.How is KSHANA determined or measured? In VYASBHASHY it is mentioned that the time that it takes for subatomic particle to go from 'previous 'position to 'next position ' is called KSHANA. So even at that time the idea of atom and subatomic particles was  there and it was 'known' that the subatomic particles are in motion and not still . That is why the THINGS always CHANGE . So the change is all the time happening .
       The second part of the change is to know in detail as to what happens to 'things' when we can not 'observe' any change superficially. The food that we eat has 3 parts , one with Tamasic Guna , becomes -gets excreted , then part of the food that has Rajasic Guna becomes Flesh , and the Satwic part of the food becomes the Mind . So when we eat  predominantly Satwic food , our mind is calk , when we eat predominantly Rajasic food we are full of energy and action and the Tamasic predominant food leads to laziness . The water that we drink also is similar in effect . Tamasic part becomes urine and  the Rajasic part becomes blood and the Satwic part becomes PRAN , This is the Knowledge that can not be achieved by GROSS observation . Simple example may be how a child understands steps in a stair case and how an adult knows them . The child does not know exactly how many steps are there or that they are they are narrow or not . The adult knows as to the number of steps and the nature . When we have done the concentration on the 'CHANGE IN THING FROM ONE MOMENT OR KSHANA TO OTHER MOMENT OR KSHANA 'we can Know it .Since this Knowledge is at the level of CHITTA , which is different that the SPIRIT or Purusha-this is different than the PURUSHKHYATI that was described in Sutra 49.
     

Sunday, June 3, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD - 51

                               STHANIN  UPANIMANTRANE  SANGASMAYA  AKARANAM 

                                                   POONAR  ANISHTA  PRASANGAT

   (BEING  PLEASED  BY MEDITATION )  YOGI IS INVITED  BY (CELESTIAL ) GODS,

TO ENJOY  THE VARIOUS  'BHOGA'  AND  YOGI  SHOULD  NOT  GET  ATTACHMENT

     TO THEM  OR ENJOY  THEM ,BECAUSE  THAT  (ENJOYMENT )  WILL SET  HIM   

                              BACKWARD   (PHYSICAL WORLD  PROBLEMS)

      This Sutra is interesting for various reasons. When Yogi starts the practice of meditation and has some progress , he starts getting some experiences and those are not ordinary experiences. As one advances , he gets certain Powers . These are described in last few Sutras . As Yogi continues the practice of meditation and control over the physical and mental - at that level the Celestial Gods will invite the Yogis to come and enjoy the various pleasures.I called this Sutra interesting for various reasons . One of them is that it mentions the existence of celestial GODS .(meaning of STANIN)

       We have heard in some of the stories from various Hindu scriptures  where they talk about these Gods . For example Arjuna was born off King of Gods -INDRA. He had some participation in the epic story of Mahabharata . Indra went to KARNA , to ask for his body shield to help his SON . So according to these stories these Gods do exist and they are not the highest level GOD-or the SPIRIT,that we are trying to achieve.

    In the story of Vishwamitra -Rajrushi -when he was meditating , the king of GODS got worried that Vishwamitra would take over the Heaven and Indra would loose the throne . So he sends APSARA-MENAKA . Highly evolved  Yogi -Vishwamitra , has lust and sexual desire when he sees the beautiful Menaka . and he forgets the meditation and get caught up in the SAUSAR -THE MORTAL WORLD .
 
     I think this is related to the concept of SAPTA LOKA - seven levels of astral world , where the highest is or could be called SWARGA or heaven . The INDRA and many other positions are positions only and can be changed , just like Governor or Mayer or President. The positions continue for ever , but the person occupying may be different. So the KING of Gods got worried that HE could be REPLACED by someone else who is better than him. The pleasures in the highest levels of heaven are offered to the Yogi when he reaches certain levels and if he gets caught in to it -of enjoying it , he is taking wrong or back ward steps . Once Yogi starts enjoying these pleasures which are bodily pleasures , he is getting caught up in the mortal world-which is CHANGING- NOT EVER LASTING - MORTAL AND NOT PERMANENT . So whatever detachment he has achieved is lost.
In the Sutra it states that ONE IS GETTING IN TROUBLE AGAIN ..

So this Sutra warns us that even when the GODS invite ,request you to enjoy these pleasures -do not fall for it as otherwise Yogi is regressing and going away fro the his goal of KAIWALYA or Jiwnmukti. 


Sunday, May 27, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA - 50

                      TAD  VAIRAGYADAPI  DOSHA  BIJA  KSHYAYE  KAIVALYAM

                   (BY  ACHIEVING  DISPASSION  TO  THE  POWERS OR SIDHHIS )

                     THAT  REMOVES  THE  SEED OF  IGNORANCE  OR DEFECT ,

                                      AND   YOGI GETS  KAIVALYA


          Doing the practice of the medication, one gets perfection in it and then by the techniques that have been told in past -going deeper and deeper to the origin of the universe , one develops dispassion even towards the powers that one achieves with the deeper meditation. This is the key . When one has to reach the goal , there are obstacles. Since the universe started with the ONE SPIRIT and  THE NATURE ,(PURUSH AND PRAKRUTI ), one has to trace back . So we were told to TRACE the PATH backward.

       As was stated in past the senses are GROSS and then the mind and the intellect and then the CHITTA and then the AHANKAR or Ego are subtler . These are the stages of the SAMADHI mentioned in previous Sutras . Just to re mention the same , there are 2 major parts of Samadhi . These are not actual divisions , but stages of the Samadhi and there is no true separation but one level superimposing other .

      The 2 separation is called 1 SAMPRADNYAT Samadhi which is also called SAVIKALP. and 2 ASAMPRADNYAT SAMADHI  also called NIRVIKALP.. In Sampradnyat Samadhi I and God are separate . In ASampradnyat Samadhi , I and God are one. To reach that level  where there is no separation between I and the God , one has to 'GET OVER ' the senses and mind and intellect, and Ego. These stages of the Samadhi are called a)Savitark , b) Savichar, (related to mind ), c)Sanand
(related to Ego ), d) Sasmita ( related to CHITTA or the source of Ego principle .
      Every time one gets deeper in the meditation , he gets some Powers or Sidhhi. One should not get attached or entangled in theses powers if one wants to go higher or deeper towards the GOAL of reaching the SPIRIT- GOD. So when one develops VARAGYA or dispassion towards these things then he has reached the finl stage . . Once ONE is ONE with GOD , then he has achieved the MUKTI -KAIVALYA .