Sunday, June 17, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA 53

                            JATI  LAKSHANA  DESHAHIM  ANYATA  AVACHHEDAT

                                                  TULYAYOH  TATAH  PRATIPARTTIH

                    ONE  IS ABLE TO DIFFERENTIATE   BETWEEN THE TWO SIMILAR

                    IN THEIR CLASS  ,CHARACTER , PLACE   BUT SEPARATE THINGS

    The objects in this world can look similar or same . Two cows or two dogs look alike but are different. We tend to identify objects as different from one another by their class-dig or cow is class, or by character - 2 dogs look different due to color or weight or what kind of dog it is  and the place we see or find them , -one will not see tiger in house .But we may come across objects that look exactly sames  and we may have very difficult time in identifying them as 2 different things . But Yogi can go beyond the superficial similarity and identify each separately .

    Again this is to do with parts of Nature mind, intellect and Chitta . This is not related to SPIRIT or PURUSHA


VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA -52

                   KSHANA  TAT  KRAMAYOH  SAIYAMAT  VIVEKAJAM  DNYANAM

                  BY CONCENTRATING  ON SERIES OF  MOMENT-KSHANA-  ONE  GETS

                           KNOWLEDGE  OF  DIFFERENCES  IN DIFFERENT  THINGS

        In this Sutra there is mention of unit of Time . We call it KSHANA. OR MOMENT . .This moment was preceded by another Moment and then next one will follow . So there is series of moments  and the Flow of Time continues. There is no beginning or end to it. So the time is made up of many moments. Like anything in this world is made of atomic and subatomic particles - time is made of smallest possible units , called KSHANA. In quantum theory , the smallest unit of time is Planck time .   
       The time that a photon will take to travel Plank distance . In Hindu religion , we have gradually increasing units of time as followes-KSHANA, followed by PAL , followed by GHATIKA,then AHORATRA then PAKSHA, MAS ,RHUTU, FOLLOWED  by AYAN, SAUWATSAR,YUGA AND MANWANTAR AND THEN KALPA.How is KSHANA determined or measured? In VYASBHASHY it is mentioned that the time that it takes for subatomic particle to go from 'previous 'position to 'next position ' is called KSHANA. So even at that time the idea of atom and subatomic particles was  there and it was 'known' that the subatomic particles are in motion and not still . That is why the THINGS always CHANGE . So the change is all the time happening .
       The second part of the change is to know in detail as to what happens to 'things' when we can not 'observe' any change superficially. The food that we eat has 3 parts , one with Tamasic Guna , becomes -gets excreted , then part of the food that has Rajasic Guna becomes Flesh , and the Satwic part of the food becomes the Mind . So when we eat  predominantly Satwic food , our mind is calk , when we eat predominantly Rajasic food we are full of energy and action and the Tamasic predominant food leads to laziness . The water that we drink also is similar in effect . Tamasic part becomes urine and  the Rajasic part becomes blood and the Satwic part becomes PRAN , This is the Knowledge that can not be achieved by GROSS observation . Simple example may be how a child understands steps in a stair case and how an adult knows them . The child does not know exactly how many steps are there or that they are they are narrow or not . The adult knows as to the number of steps and the nature . When we have done the concentration on the 'CHANGE IN THING FROM ONE MOMENT OR KSHANA TO OTHER MOMENT OR KSHANA 'we can Know it .Since this Knowledge is at the level of CHITTA , which is different that the SPIRIT or Purusha-this is different than the PURUSHKHYATI that was described in Sutra 49.
     

Sunday, June 3, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD - 51

                               STHANIN  UPANIMANTRANE  SANGASMAYA  AKARANAM 

                                                   POONAR  ANISHTA  PRASANGAT

   (BEING  PLEASED  BY MEDITATION )  YOGI IS INVITED  BY (CELESTIAL ) GODS,

TO ENJOY  THE VARIOUS  'BHOGA'  AND  YOGI  SHOULD  NOT  GET  ATTACHMENT

     TO THEM  OR ENJOY  THEM ,BECAUSE  THAT  (ENJOYMENT )  WILL SET  HIM   

                              BACKWARD   (PHYSICAL WORLD  PROBLEMS)

      This Sutra is interesting for various reasons. When Yogi starts the practice of meditation and has some progress , he starts getting some experiences and those are not ordinary experiences. As one advances , he gets certain Powers . These are described in last few Sutras . As Yogi continues the practice of meditation and control over the physical and mental - at that level the Celestial Gods will invite the Yogis to come and enjoy the various pleasures.I called this Sutra interesting for various reasons . One of them is that it mentions the existence of celestial GODS .(meaning of STANIN)

       We have heard in some of the stories from various Hindu scriptures  where they talk about these Gods . For example Arjuna was born off King of Gods -INDRA. He had some participation in the epic story of Mahabharata . Indra went to KARNA , to ask for his body shield to help his SON . So according to these stories these Gods do exist and they are not the highest level GOD-or the SPIRIT,that we are trying to achieve.

    In the story of Vishwamitra -Rajrushi -when he was meditating , the king of GODS got worried that Vishwamitra would take over the Heaven and Indra would loose the throne . So he sends APSARA-MENAKA . Highly evolved  Yogi -Vishwamitra , has lust and sexual desire when he sees the beautiful Menaka . and he forgets the meditation and get caught up in the SAUSAR -THE MORTAL WORLD .
 
     I think this is related to the concept of SAPTA LOKA - seven levels of astral world , where the highest is or could be called SWARGA or heaven . The INDRA and many other positions are positions only and can be changed , just like Governor or Mayer or President. The positions continue for ever , but the person occupying may be different. So the KING of Gods got worried that HE could be REPLACED by someone else who is better than him. The pleasures in the highest levels of heaven are offered to the Yogi when he reaches certain levels and if he gets caught in to it -of enjoying it , he is taking wrong or back ward steps . Once Yogi starts enjoying these pleasures which are bodily pleasures , he is getting caught up in the mortal world-which is CHANGING- NOT EVER LASTING - MORTAL AND NOT PERMANENT . So whatever detachment he has achieved is lost.
In the Sutra it states that ONE IS GETTING IN TROUBLE AGAIN ..

So this Sutra warns us that even when the GODS invite ,request you to enjoy these pleasures -do not fall for it as otherwise Yogi is regressing and going away fro the his goal of KAIWALYA or Jiwnmukti. 


Sunday, May 27, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA - 50

                      TAD  VAIRAGYADAPI  DOSHA  BIJA  KSHYAYE  KAIVALYAM

                   (BY  ACHIEVING  DISPASSION  TO  THE  POWERS OR SIDHHIS )

                     THAT  REMOVES  THE  SEED OF  IGNORANCE  OR DEFECT ,

                                      AND   YOGI GETS  KAIVALYA


          Doing the practice of the medication, one gets perfection in it and then by the techniques that have been told in past -going deeper and deeper to the origin of the universe , one develops dispassion even towards the powers that one achieves with the deeper meditation. This is the key . When one has to reach the goal , there are obstacles. Since the universe started with the ONE SPIRIT and  THE NATURE ,(PURUSH AND PRAKRUTI ), one has to trace back . So we were told to TRACE the PATH backward.

       As was stated in past the senses are GROSS and then the mind and the intellect and then the CHITTA and then the AHANKAR or Ego are subtler . These are the stages of the SAMADHI mentioned in previous Sutras . Just to re mention the same , there are 2 major parts of Samadhi . These are not actual divisions , but stages of the Samadhi and there is no true separation but one level superimposing other .

      The 2 separation is called 1 SAMPRADNYAT Samadhi which is also called SAVIKALP. and 2 ASAMPRADNYAT SAMADHI  also called NIRVIKALP.. In Sampradnyat Samadhi I and God are separate . In ASampradnyat Samadhi , I and God are one. To reach that level  where there is no separation between I and the God , one has to 'GET OVER ' the senses and mind and intellect, and Ego. These stages of the Samadhi are called a)Savitark , b) Savichar, (related to mind ), c)Sanand
(related to Ego ), d) Sasmita ( related to CHITTA or the source of Ego principle .
      Every time one gets deeper in the meditation , he gets some Powers or Sidhhi. One should not get attached or entangled in theses powers if one wants to go higher or deeper towards the GOAL of reaching the SPIRIT- GOD. So when one develops VARAGYA or dispassion towards these things then he has reached the finl stage . . Once ONE is ONE with GOD , then he has achieved the MUKTI -KAIVALYA .

Friday, May 25, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD - 49

                         SATWA  PURUSHA  ANYATA  KHYATIMATRASYA  SARV  BHAVA 

                                     ADHISHTATRUTWAM  SARWA  DNYAN  TRUTVAM


                   (WHEN YOGI CONCENTRATES ON CHITTA -THE MIND STUFF )

HE REALIZES  THAT THE CHITTA  OR ANTAHKARAN -MIND STUFF  IS DIFFERENT

FROM   THE CONSCIOUSNESS BEHIND IT --THE PURUSHA--THEN  HE HAS  ACHIEVED 

        THE  "PURUSHKHYATI" WHICH IS ALSO CALLED  VIVEKKHYATI - WHICH IS 

                       MODIFICATION  OF NATURE  AND THE OMNISCIENCE


        This is little  difficult and little difficult to understand. In vedic religion the cycle of the origin of the universe and dissolution of the universe . SO some believe that the PURUSHA OR THE SPIRIT and the NATURE OR THE MATTER OR THE PRAKRUTI   are different . ( others think that the ONE AND ONE ONLY slit in to Purusha and Prakruti at the beginning of the Universe.)The SPIRIT has  no qualities and so has no desires or power to ACT . ( This comes with 3 Gunas or the qualities )The  Nature or the PRAKRUTI has no Energy to do anything. So even though it has desires , it can not ACT upon it . So until they COME TOGETHER , the Universe can not come to existence.The mind  and the chitta and the 5 big elements and the intellect -all are part of NATURE OR PRAKRUTI. The Satwa Guna or the quality in association with EGO or AHANKAR goes to form the senses.and the RAJ AS Guna and the Ego- AHANKAR goes to form the Organs of ACTION.
        The physical body is gross and the senses are subtle . But the mind is subtler and the intellect is still more subtler . But the INDEPENDENT OBSERVER is the PURUSHA or the SPIRIT . So when the Yogi realizes that the PURUSHA is different than the CHITTA , (which means Purusha and the NATURE OR PRAKRUTI which is the origin of all the CHITTA and rest of the things that are mentioned ,) He has reached the level of PURUSHKHYATI which is also called VIVEKKHYATI.
The powers that have been mentioned in past SUTRAS, were related to NATURE or the PRAKRUTI  and not related to PURUSHA or the spirit . So when  the Yogi realizes that there is difference between the two , he does not get 'caught up ' in the 'SIDHHIS'  or the Powers that are achieved with concentration on the different aspects of the NATURE or the PRAKRUTI . .

     


Sunday, May 20, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA - 48

           TATO  MANO  JAVATTWAM  VIKARANA  BHAVAH  PRADHAN  JAYAHCHYA

           (BY MASTERING THE SENSES,  BODY  CAN  MOVE  WITH  SPEED  OF  MIND ,

                (MANO JAVITTWAAM )  AND HE  CAN  PERCEIVE  WITHOUT  SENSES

               ( VIKARAN  BHAV )AND  THIS  LEADS  TO CONTROL  OVER  PRAKRUTI  -

                                       NATURE  (PRADHANBHAV )

        There are three things that are described in this SUTRA that happens , when one has reached certain level in meditation . They have been telling us about the control over senses and the mind  and what powers one gets . So now we are told that when one has achieved this level , he can move his physical body with speed of MIND . We know that the speed of mind is more than physical body and probably has no limit . I can sit here and think of India and I can be there mentally, in fraction of  a second . But my physical body is not in India . But when the Yogi gets this power , he can get his PHYSICAL BODY in India in fraction of  a second -with speed of mind .

      One might have a question as to how is it possible as according to rules of physics , when the speed increases, the weight /mass increases and nothing can travel with speed of light. The answer is hat one can not equate the rules that apply to  NATURE /matter or PRAKRUTI,  to the spirit , which is ENERGY and so the energy is LIGHT and so it can move faster than matter.One other explanation  is that by Paramhauns Yoganand. The Yogi can change matter in to energy and the energy can move with speed of light and the energy again materializes-gets converted in to matter.

       The second power is that of perceiving without the SENSES or even the mind. Ordinary person can not smell or taste or touch without the object and the senses intact.In a way we need the actual contact of the object to be evaluated, and it can happen only in the 'PRESENT TIME'. So if there is pizza and I can not eat it , I can not taste it I will not be in position to tell how it tastes. So unless my tongue touches the Pizza , I can not taste it . Also if some one wants to know about how it tasted yesterday, when I did not taste it yesterday, I can not tell. I could not tell how it would taste in future . So there is a limitation on our ability -senses must come in contact and second -it can happen only in PRESENT TIME..But with this power the Yogi does not need the senses or actual contact of the senses , and the TIME limitation is not there, So Yogi can perceive the taste -or for that matter any senses without actual contact in PRESENT -PAST OR FUTURE TIMES . This is called VIKARAN BHAV .(One must realize that the senses are just the instrument and THEY do not do the job PERCEIVING.Something much subtler doe the perceiving.)

       The entire universe is made of matter and the spirit . The matter has all the QUALITIES or the GUNAS and the SPIRIT  has none . The matter CHANGES and the SPIRIT is unchanging.But the matter or the PRAKRUTI has no energy or SPIRIT and so it needs SPIRIT to create anything.So with this  power , the YOGI has control over the NATURE or the MATTER .This is called PRADHANBHAV .


Saturday, May 19, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA - 47

GRAHANA  SWARUPA  ASMITA  ANWYAYA  ARTHAWATTA  SAIYAMAT  INDRIYA  JAYAH

                 BY CONCENTRATING  ON THE INDRIYA -SENSE ORGANS  AND THEIR

                 NATURE AND THE THE EGO  (WHICH IS THE ORIGIN OF THEM )  AND

                 THE THREE  GUNAS  AND THEIR  PURPOSE  IN FORM  OF ENJOYMENT

                           AND ACTION  YOGI  ATTAINS  MASTERY  OVER  THEM .

         This one Sutra is interesting as it is little confusing . One could have said that when you concentrate on the senses , one attains the control  over them.'.But here Sage Patanjali wants us to remember other stuff as the external Indriya or the senses ARE NOT THE CONTROLLER !

        So again there is tracing back of the origin of the universe. But to start with the first word is GRAHANA- ,which means different things for different sense. The Eyes see and the Ears hear the Sound and the Skin has touch and the Tongue has taste and the Nose has Smell. But if one looks at it carefully . he will realize that the eyes DON'T SEE and the Skin does not have the sensation of Touch and the Ears don;t hear and so on . When the Light rays or the photon particles hit an object , they are reflected all over and when they enter the eyes and travel to Retina , the nerve endings of the optic nerve has some reaction and the Impulse is transmitted to the Occipital  ital are of the bairn and there is  a chemical reaction and one knows that he is seeing an object -say a dog. But who is really seeing - not the eyes as sometimes when we are lost in thought we do not See an object even though the object is in front of our eyes and the photons reflected from the object do enter out eyes and the optic nerve does it's job of taking the impulse to occipital area in brain and the neurons there . But we do not PERCEIVE ! So it is beyond the Brain and it is the ANTAHKARAN . The 'I'  is not doer and is independent observer. So the grasping is the GRAHANNA of  the SENSES and the real nature beyond it is the SWAPUP .So when I see a dog , my brain recognizes as dog  bases on my previous experience . But the Intellect tells me that it is particular dog. So the MIND and the Intellect are also involved . So when I recognize the dog to be say MY DOG -called DUKE ,  number of things are involved and the General knowledge is that it is a Dog . while the special knowledge is that it is a particular dog.

      So as we can see there is more to the whole process . Our reactions are based on our experiences . So if one sees  a steak ,vegetarian will have no desire to eat it , while the meat lover will start salivating. So our MIND and Intellect and experiences or the SAUSKARAS are involved in our reaction..Our reaction and action is bases on the balance or the imbalance of the 3 GUNAS. So if we see gold neck less, depending upon our nature we will ACT and React . The Yogi does not want it , the other people will want it. So ONE gets full control over the senses when on gets FULL control over all these things including mind, intellect . ego and 3 Gunas .

       In the beginning, when the universe came in existence , the AHANKAR or the EGO arouse. The three Gunas , which were in balance get imbalanced and the Satwic Guna and Ego. make the DNYANENDRIYE or the SENSE organs , the RAJASIC Guna and the EGO , make KARMENDRIYE or Organs of Action ,and 5 PRANAS and  TAMASIC PART OF THE EGO goes to form the TANMATRA or the changes PANCHAMAHABHUTE or 5 big elements .

    So when one goes back in the precess upon concentrating on these things there are 2 paths . With one path Yogi gets BHUTAJAY and the other oath goes to have INDRIYA JAY or control of the sense organs and the organs of action -which are the INDRIYA.