Saturday, October 6, 2018

KAIVALYA PAAD SUTRA- 4

                                      NIRMANA  CHITTANI  ASMITA  MATRAT

TRANSFORMED  MINDS  PROCEED  FROM  ASMITA  OR  EGO OR  THE COSMIC  MIND

    Some of these Sutras have more than one meaning . The simple meaning is in continuation of the last Sutra. We have been talking about the changes in the person , So in the first Sutra we were told the various causes of the change and the powers that one can get . Then in the last Sutra we were told that the flow of the NATURE is always there and the Yogi removes the obstacles in the way of the flow . So the Flow of the Nature is helped by removing the obstacles and the Nature is not altered as such by the efforts of the Yogi . Now in this Sutra we are told that the the cosmic mind and ego are the source of the mind. So the source universe or the in the beginning the GOD splits in to 2 parts or there are two parts that are independent of each other.The SPIRIT and the NATURE, The spirit has no Qualities or GUNAS. The Nature has all the QUALITIES or GUNAS . When the two come together then the NATURE is transformed.The Cosmic Mind and the CHITTA etc all come out of the NATURE. . The the Universal Ego becomes Individual Ego and then it is confined to individual physical bodies. So when one transforms the mind - chitta , we realize that the WHOLE thing started with ORIGINAL transformation from the ORIGINAL Nature .

       The other meaning which is little mystical. The evolved Yogi can CREATE multiple CHITTAS and physical bodies , but they all come from the change in Nature . So the Yogi has ability to have these different bodies and different Chittas to enjoy or exhaust the varies vasanas .

So it is possible that the PATANJALI ids talking about the changes in ONE MIND -ONE CHITTA - AND ONE BODY that happens in ONE person . or he is talking about the POWER or the Sidhhi that YOGI gets , with which he can create many bodies and with that mind and ego etc .
  These different meanings will continue in next Sutras too. 

Sunday, September 9, 2018

KAIVALYA PAAD SUTRA -3

                                  NIMITYAM  APRAYOJAKAM  PRAKRUTINAM

                                  VARANBHEDASTU  TATAH  KSHETRIKAWAT

WHEN  OBSTACLES  ARE REMOVED  (BY MEDICINES , MEDITATION  ETC )  THEN

             PRAKRUTI  FLOWS  ACCORDING  TO IT'S  NATURE  LIKE  FARMER
           
                (REMOVING OBSTACLES  TO THE  FLOW  OF  THE WATER )

       This Sutra is explaining as to how the meditation works. The comparison is done with farmer who is trying to have a great crop. The crop needs water. The crop needs nutrition etc . So the farmer creates channels or removes the obstacles to the water which is at higher level , and the by the law of nature the water flows from higher level to lower level where it is needed .

        The same thing happens when unwanted weeds which are competing for the nutrition are removed , The crop gets the water and the nutrition without having to compete with weeds . Then the nature does it's job and the plant grows . So the Farmer does not 'GROW' the plant . He simply removes the obstacles to it's growth. The same thing happens . The medicinal herbs or the meditation and the Yama and the Niyama that are discussed before , remove the obstacle that are blocking the true nature of the soul .Once the obstacles are removed the true nature shines .Our tendencies are due to past Karmas .These Karmic impressions are the obstacles . So we have greed , lust , ignorance etc . When one removes them then the soul becomes free spirit .(physical body oriented , limited , confined soul is the Spirit). So the SPIRIT does not have limitation , but the soul has limitations of the body as it feels that it is body and does not realize the true free nature. 
                   So our job is to get rid of the obstacles and the we will be free!

Saturday, September 8, 2018

KAIVALYA PAAD SUTRA -2

                                 JATYANTAR  PARINAMAH  PRAKRUTYAPURAT 

                    CHANGE  IN  CLASS  IS  DUE  TO FLOW NATURE (PRAKRUTI)

       This Sutra is interesting and may have more than one meaning. When one talks about the CLASS or JATI -one could be talking about the various different Human beings -man and women , cunning and nice and rich and poor etc But one could also talk about different species .It is stated that there are 8400000 different species in this world. So as per our thought process , there is transition from one species to other in different life So the question is how and why the change occurs ?Why does a aquatic animal becomes reptile or changes to a bird or even Human being . Even in Human beings, infant becomes child and then changes to young adult to old . What is the cause of this change -which does not need any effort on part of human.The answer is NATURE or PRAKRUTI .

      So the changes that happen are Natural and are due to flow of time and sometimes the changes are so slow that we may not notice it . But the JIVA changes from one species to other is due to nature .The classes other than human being are called for BHOGA or work on the basis of instinct and enjoyment -EAT-SLEEP-PROCREATE - life style . Each species has some special quality and when the JIVA is done enjoying it or has progressed  he changes the species in next life . This is due to NATURE .THAT IS THE WAY IT HAPPENS -THAT IS THE LAW OF NATURE .
     
    Now the specific changes that happen in Human beings are related to progression of the mind-chitta - intellect . We know of the time when we have seen cunning crooked man becomes religious or helpful and unselfish. We have known about the VALMIKI who was a robber and then became the Rhushi Valmiki . This is due to progress of the mind and chitta and not that of physical body . The change is due to Nature as the CHITTA AND THE MIND AND THE INTELLECT all are part of nature . But it needs efforts. In nonhuman race the change is natural and does not need any specific effort on part of the animal . The change that happens with 'aging' in human being is also effortless , but the change in CHITTA and mind needs efforts on part of human being . 

Saturday, September 1, 2018

KAIVALYA PAAD SUTRA-1

                 JANMA  AUSHADHI  MANTRA  TAPAH  SAMADHIJAH  SIDHYAH

SPECIFIC BIRTH, MEDICINE, MANTRA ,TAPAH (AUSTERITY), AND  SAMADHI  ARE THE 

    FIVE   THINGS   THAT  ARE  THE CAUSE OF  THE SIDHHIS OR SPECIAL  POWERS 


      In this Sutra we are told that the special powers arise out of different things .The five things that are mentioned are in ascending order of 'achievements' and their relation to efforts . Some people feel that JANMA or birth is related to specific family or specific KARMAS that we have done in past that give us the certain powers .The example would be a child who has very high musical ability  or talent.  But  the specific Birth is related to different animals - and man is socialized animal- has certain powers . The birds can fly and no one has to tech them , The fish can swim and no one has to teach them . So the power to fly -which is not there with ordinary human beings , is purely related to being born as BIRD . Same is with fish and swimming . So this is the BIRTH giving rise to certain POWER . and as one can see this does not need any special effort. So this is the lowest level of the powers . 

       The next one is related to AUHSHADHI or medicines. The medicines have EFFECTS . In this SUTRA , they are refereed to as powers or SIDHHIS . We know of mention of certain ointment that gives Vision which is far reaching that ordinary human beings can --or so called X- RAY vision . The vision will become ordinary when the effect of the medicine is gone . We can think of modern day medicines like anabolic steroids which help gain weight or medicines that stimulate appetite or medicines like Viagra . These powers are dependent upon external help and one does need to do some effort - take medicine - to get the power. So this is little higher than the last one , but still at lower level . 

      The next one is MANTRA or Chanting . The chanting of Mantra doe give one the powers . There are 2 kinds . One where the MEANING is very important and other where the specific Sound or pronunciation is very important to generate the powers . It is stated that to have the 'effect' after chanting or to get POWERS , one needs to do the chanting of the Mantra which full concentration for 100000 times the number of letters . So NA MO SHI VA Y has five letter per Sanskrit script . So one needs to do the chanting for 500000 times to be effective . One will get the powers , but then to have effects one will have to do the Mantra when one wants to have effective powers .The powers that are obtained by this method are higher than last 2 as one has to make concentrated efforts and has to keep on doing the chanting .

    The next one is TAPA .With Tapa one gets powers and they are superior to last three, namely the one that are due to Birth or due to medicines or the one related to Mantra . With Mantra chanting the SIDHHIS are limited .  But with Tapa one can get much more . The example would the one that was obtained by Vishwamitra or many other sages or even Rawan and other bad characters in our scriptures . When one has DESIRE to do or obtain certain things , then that desire makes it inferior level than one obtained without the desire .

     So the last one is the SIDHHI that that is achieved by SAMADHI . When one reaches the highest level of the meditation , than he has many powers and thew will not be used by him or her for fulfilling ordinary desires .  When one does use the power to satisfy theses desires , then he goes gown and may even loose the powers as whenever there is desire , there is attachment and that leads to karma ans then that takes us away from the goal of one with HIM.

Saturday, August 4, 2018

KAVALYA PAAD INTRODUCTION

     The PATANJALI SUTRA  YOGA is divided in to 4 segments . This similar to any other scriptural book . In the first chapter which was called SAMADHI PAAD there was introduction to the ultimate goal KAIVALYA . We were told that the control over CHITTA - THE MIND STUFF . Then in that chapter we were told the nature of the CHITTA and the different tendencies of the CHITTA -MIND  and then how to control those tendencies .In the second chapter , called SADHANAPAAD , we were told the different obstacles in the path of our goal and the meditation. There was also discussion about how to get rid of theses obstacles by concentrating on the GOD and concentration as such of the mind . There was also discussion about the 5 external parts of the YOGA . This was to to get better with concentration of the mind and CHITTA which in tern will help to achieve our Goal of Kaivalya. In the next chapter  called VIBHUTIPAAD , there was discussion about remaining 3 parts of the Yoga -which are internal and about the 3 GUNAS, their effects, nature,and the SIDHHIS or the powers that one achieves with the control over them with the meditation .In the last chapter called KAIVALYA PAAD , there will be discussion about the KAIVALYA or what has been our Goal in doing all this meditation .

     Before we start the SUTRAS from KAIVALYA PAAD , I want to summarize certain things that has been discussed .
1 8 parts of RAJ YOGA
YAMA(RESTRAINTS),NIYAM(OBSERVANCES),ASANA(POSE),PRANAYAM,(BREATHING TECHNIQUE),PRATYAHAR(WITHDRAWAL OF SENSES)--THESE ARE EXTERNAL
DHYAN(CONCENTRATION),DHARANA(MEDITATION),SAMADHI (SUBCONSCIOUSNESS)-THESE 3 ARE INTERNAL
2 YAMA has 5 parts namely, AHINVSA(NONVIOLENCE),SATYA(TELLING TRUTH),ASTYEYA(NON STEALING), BRAHMYACHARY(ABSTINENCE FROM SEX PLEASURE),APARIGRAHA(MON COVETOUSNESS)
3 NIYAMA namely SHAUCH(PURITY OR CLEANLINESS),SANTOSH(CONTENTMENT),TAPAH(AUSTERITY),SWADHYAYA(STUDY OF SCRIPTURES),ISHWAR-PRANIDHAN( SURRENDER TO GOD ),
3 VARIOUS SAMADHIS
SAVITARK AND NIRVITARK -RELATED TO GROSS ELEMENTS
SAVICHAR AND NIRVICHAR - RELATED TO SUBTLE ELEMENTS
SANAND-RELATED TO AHANKARA OR EGO
ASMITA RELATED TO CHITTA OR MIND
ASAMPRAGNYAT - WITHDRAWAL OF CHITTA AND RELATED TO KAIVALYA

Also remember circle of MIND ,Action leads to Impression , -good or bad , the Impression leads to Desire, and then the Desire leads to Action again and the circle continues .More often one does the Action , more DEEPER is Impression and deeper is the Impression ,more intense is the Desire . 

Saturday, July 14, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD SUTRA 55

                        SATTWA  PURUSHAYOH  SHUDHHI  SAMYE  KIAVALAYAM

WHEN  YOGI  PURIFIES  THE CHITTA HE RECOGNIZES THE SIMILARITY  BETWEEN

                        CHITTA   AND  PURUSHA  HE ATTAINS KAIWALYA  SIDHHI

       This is the last Sutra in this paad . When one continues the meditation and the CHITTA is purified , he recognizes the similarity between the PURUSHA and CHITTA . The CHITTA originates from the NATURE and the SATWIC Guna of the nature . But any time there is part of PRAKRUTI or nature it has all 3 Gunas,though there is dominance of the one . So in CHITTA there is dominance of the SATWIC , but the two other Gunas are there too. The ignorance does not allow one to recognize the purity of the CHITTA . So when one removes the ignorance and the 2 other Gunas disappear, then one recognizes the similarity between the PURUSHA and the CHITTA. -both are pure .
    There is concept that the GOD at the beginning of the universe splits in to SPIRIT - PURUSHA and NATURE OR PRAKRUTI. Purusha has no qualities and does not change . The Nature does . change and has qualities - GUNAS.
   So we are told about the various powers or SIDHHIS that one achieves with concentration on different things -part of nature . Now this is the last one to achieve KAIWALYA .


Sunday, July 8, 2018

VIBHUTI PAAD 54

                           TARAKAM  SARVA  VISHAYAM  SARVATHA  VISHAYAM

                                  AKARMAM  CHETI  VIVEKAJAM  DNYANAM

THE  INTUITIVE  INTELLECT  OR  THE KNOWLEDGE  IS SUCH  THAT  ONE  KNOWS

EVERYTHING  ABOUT  EVERYTHING (SARV  VISHAY  AND SARVATHH VISHAY )  AND  IT

DOES  NOT  HAVE  TO  BE IN  CERTAIN  ORDER  AND  ANY  TIME (AKRAM )  AND SUCH

A KNOWLEDGE  IS  SUCH  THAT  THAT PROTECTS  HIM  FROM  THIS  LIFE (MORTAL

                                    LIFE  WITH CYCLE OF LIFE  AND REBIRTH )

       In this Sutra  we are told about the higher levels that are reached by Yogi . Once the Yogi have achieved this level, he knows everything about everything .All of us can see common things -like color size, shape and some other superficial things . But withe intuitive knowledge Yogi knows also about the things that are not easily obvious . So as mentioned in previous Sutras, if one sees a person , the Yogi will know not only the height , weight color , but also the state of mind and previous thoughts and life of  person . This information does not have come from a particular order , but whatever he wants to know he will know. So He does not have to go in any particular order to get to the knowledge about any specific thing .
        When one reaches such a stage that he knows anything and everything about everything, he has full knowledge about the SELF or the PURUSHA and that Knowledge ENDS the cycle of the life and birth.This is called  TARAK or one can swim the ocean of the SAUNSAR .