Sunday, August 25, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA- 34

PURUSHARTH SHUNYANAM GUNANAM PRATIPRASAVAH KAVAILAM SWARUPA

                                     PRATISHTA VA CHITTISHAKTER ITI
SINCE (3)GUNAS ARE DONE WITH IT'S FUNCTION,THEY REGRESS TO IT'S PREVIOUS

STATUS AND THAT IS THE KAIVALYA STATE (LIBERATION) AS PURUSHA DOES NOT   

                                     UNITE WITH TENDENCIES OF MIND
          This is the last of the SUTRAS of this chapter and also that of PATANJALU SUTRA YOGA . We started with control of mind  and the the tendencies  and then we are told how to control and then what we get as POWERS or SIDHHIS when we are successful, At different levels of achievements , we experience the different powers. These are the SIDHHIS.But the purpose of the Meditation is not to get the SIDHHIS or the powers, but is to have the liberation of the SOUL . The soul is the reflection of the SELF which has identifies with body. The enjoyment of the SELF when it identifies with body is through GUNAS. So the purpose of the GUNAS is to provide pleasure. The Gunas have the origin from the NATURE or Prakruti. The SELF is independent observer. When the SOUL identifies with BODY,is gets entangled in pleasure  and sorrow. So when the SELF IS FREE of DESIRES, there is no work left for the Gunas  and then when there is no job or function left for the Gunas, they regress to the NATURE or Prakruti. If you recollect at the beginning of the Universe , The SPIRIT - PURUSH which has no desires comes in contact with NATURE or PRAKRUIT which has desires  as it has GUNAS, come together and the LIFE starts or Universe is born . We represent microcosm of the Universal Macrocosm. So for the YOGI, who has gotten rid of desires  and is without GUNAS, is free and has realized the SELF  and that is the LIBERATION OR KAIVALYA.

Sunday, August 18, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA- 33

                KSHANA PRATIYOGI PARINAM APARANTA NIRGRAHYAH KRAMAH

       KRAMA IS FLOW OF KSHANA (OR SMALLEST PART OF TIME), IS DEPENDENT 

                                  UPON PERCEPTION OF END OF EACH MODIFICATION 
         When the time is divided in it.s smallest units, in Sanskrit it is called Kshana.The series of the KSHANA makes the TIME. One moment ENDS AND THE OTHER starts  and then the next one ends  and next to it starts . So the previous KSHANA  and the next one can not coexist with each other . One has to end  and then  the other starts. So the changes are related to 3 Gunas. We were told that the Gunas or their effects ceases when the Yogi achieves the level of TURYA Samadhi status. So then the question is why doe Yogi continues to LIVE?
     Everything in the physical world changes every second whether we can see it or not. The iron rots, the flower blossoms and we do not notice the change even when we watch daily. So the changes happen  and that is due to the 3 Gunas. So the question is when the Gunas cease to have effect why does the physical body continues to survive.
      For the Yogi when he achieves the KAIWALYA,the Chitta is transcendental and the for him the time  and space stops. But he still has the effects of previous Karma  and so that has to continue . Then new Karma will not cause the effects  as there is no GUNA causing the Desire  and there is no new impression. But the physical body has to FULFILL the effects of previous Karma - previous to achieving the Turya Samadhi level.
                                 

Saturday, August 17, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA -32

       TATAH  KRUTARTHANAM  PARINAM KRAMA SAMAPTIH GUNANAM

    THEN  FOR YOGIS (WHO HAVE REACHED THE DHARM MEGH SAMADHI)

                      THE SERIES OF MODIFICATIONS OF GUNAS CEASES

    This Sutra is the continuation of the story of progress of a YOGI who achieves higher and higher and then highest levels of Samadhi.The Satwa Guna which is pure pertaining to KNOWLEDGE, the Rajasic quality which is activating and laziness or lack of any activity ,which is the quality of Tamasic Guna all have been modified with the origin of the universe. The Nature or the Prakruti has the Gunas and they are the reason why we act or we have various desires.The Gunas are not part of SELF. The pleasure or pain of the physical body is due to the Gunas .Even when we don't do any activity , we are DOING the inactivity. Without the 3 Gunas, we will not do any activity .
     The 3 Gunas have changed from their original status in MAHAT TATWA ans then universal ego, then 5 TANMATRA, 5 PRANAS,5 ORGANS OF ACTION AND 5 ORGANS OF PERCEPTION AND OFF COURSE CHITTA  and Physical body.The Gunas are effective because we give in . We act due to desire  and desires come from impressions  and impressions are created due to previous actions. So this is a circle. But taking away the desire is like pulling the plug .Without the electrical supple the electrical appliance does not work . So Yogi does  not allow the Gunas to motivate any activity. So the actual activity done by Yogi is without any desire  and so it does not create any impression. This state is called TURYA. STATE. So the Yogi continues to live , but there is no new impression is  created . So in due time the physical body dies and there is no rebirth 

Friday, August 16, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA - 31

TADA  SARVA  AVARANAM  ALPETASYA  DNYANASA  ANANTYAT DNEYAM  ALPAM

THEN (AFTER THE YOGI HAS ACHIEVED THE DHARM MEGH SAMADHI)THE VEIL OR

COVERINGS  OF ILLUSION IS LIFTED AND THE KNOWLEDGE BECOMES LIMITLESS                     
                                 AND  VERY LITTLE IS LEFT TO BE KNOWABLE

     This Sutra is continuation of the previous Sutra. In these Sutra the are talking about the progression of the Samadhi and what happens when one is getting deeper and deeper in state of SAMADHI or meditation. When one developed intuitional  knowledge also called VIVEK KHYATI, he has the knowledge of everything that is to be known.Then not much is left that the Yogi does not know.
    The Nature is changing and there are different forms of the same thing. Take an example of gold  and gold ornaments . When we go to buy the gold ornaments  and enter jeweler shop,we see different ornaments . For the shopper they are different  and so we look at them in different way than the owner or the goldsmith. For him it is the amount of gold that decides the cost mainly and not so much as how it looks . Certainly the labour that is needed to make it also adds to the cost , but for him it is gold  and  not the external appearance . For the customer it is the appearance and how he or she likes the looks .But when one analysis it IT IS ALL GOLD . So this knowledge is there when one knows how the ornaments are made and how much is the gold required  and how much labour is needed. Similarly when the SUN shines the darkness is gone . When there are clouds or when the Sun is covered by the clouds, we can not see clearly . But when the clouds are gone the things become clearer . So when the the veils or coverings of ILLUSIONS are lifted the SUN of knowledge shines  and there is nothing left to be known.
     One can also look at it in little differently too. Say there is a light and  it is covered by a pot. No light is seen . This is the state of ordinary person. He has full covering of illusion and ignorance . When one starts to do the meditation  and achieves some level or has some progress, them that creates some 'holes' in the pot ,so the light can be seen and that light will illuminates the certain surrounding objects . More success in SAMADHI , more holes are created . With DHARM MEGH SAMADHI, the whole pot is lifted and the bright light is seen and it illuminates all the objects and there is not much left to be known . 

Friday, August 9, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA - 30

                             
                                               TAT  KLESHA  KARMA  NIVRUTTIH

BY THAT  THE KLESHAS (AFFLICTION)  AND  KARMA  ARE RETIRED -DESTROYED

      This Sutra is continuation of the previous Sutra. We do Karma  as we have desires  and the desires expects the fruits of the Action or Karma .The 5 KLESHA or the afflictions that have been described in previous Sutras are Avidya which is Ignorance , Asmita which is Ego, Raga which is attachment , Dwesha which is Hatred or aversion Abhinivesh which is attachment to Life  and fear of Death.These as one can see are the cause of the Karma .The ignorance  and the attachments  and the hatred  and the fear of dying leads us to do actions  and then when we do actions, it leads to the impressions. So when we do not have the Kleshas, we do not DO Karma with intentions . Certainly we do do KARMA but since there is no intention or desire for the fruits of our action one way or other we do not have effects of our Karma  and so they are (or correctly their effects ) are destroyed or retired.
    So when one is in highest level of Samadhi, he has no Kleshas or effects of Karma.


Sunday, July 21, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA- 29

                 PRASANKHYNE  API  AKUSIDASYA  SARWATHA  VIVEK  KHYATER 

                                               DHARM  MEGHAH  SAMADHIH

WHEN  THE  YOGI  IS  NOT ATTACHED  TO  THE  KNOWLEDGE  OF BEING  SEPARATE 

                 FROM  BODY  HE  HAS REACHED THE  DHARM  MEGH  SAMADHI 

     In this Sutra there are some words that are not common. The word PRASANKHE means the knowledge of SELF being separate from the body  and also mind,intellect and CHITTA , When this understanding is without any doubts then one has reached certain level of Samadhi and then one will have certain powers  and these were described in past. These powers could be used as principle to get benefits .We have seen that some Yogi do miracles like producing material objects from nothing and may be walking on fire or some other things  that we have seen or heard. When Yogi does these miracles , he is respected , people become follower  and donate money and he gets INTEREST on his INVESTMENT . This is compared to the loan sharks that lend you money in return they receive interest. This is referred to as AKUSIDASYA in this Sutra.   
       So when one develops dispassion towards the SIDHHI or the power to do miracles, then he has achieved certain level and then he has shower of RAIN from CLOUD of DHARM NECTAR .In this level or state, the Yogi has no RAJAS or TAMAS guna  and he has SATWIC guna only.So when he  speaks or even people are in his presence of such a Yogi there is as if rain of nectar. So this is the the
MEGHA or cloud from which comes the rain of nectar of Dharma.So this SAMADHI is called as DHARMA MEGHA SAMADHI. 

Saturday, July 13, 2019

KAIWALYA PAAD SUTRA - 28

                                            HANAM  ESHAM  KLESHWAT  UKTAM

         THEY  (EXPERIENCES AND  THE IMPRESSION FROM THE EXPERIENCES)  ARE 

                    DESTROYED  SIMILAR  TO  THE AFFLICTIONS  IS  STATED  BEFORE

        In the last Sutra  and even before we were told on the KLESHA or the afflictions  and how to get rid of them . So in this Sutra we are told that when we do not have the experiences or when we dot allow the them to develop in to SAUNSKARAS or lasting impressions.. The CHITTA or mind gets bound by our Actions which lead to impressions  and then those impressions lead to Desire  and the desire leads to Action . So by allowing the impressions to be not lasting we can cut the circle that  I stated which has lead to the BANDHAN or Bondage . One can not stop Action. I have to do my day to day activities as a person living in this society. I have to  do my job. I have to eat and have social relations  and all these activities lead to impressions.No matter how much we may not want to have any impressions , as an ordinary GRUHASTHI person living in this society will have to act and will have impressions  and they WILL lead to desires  and that will promote certain actions ,that give us pleasures and avoid those that cause pain or sorrow. But when one achieves neutral attitude the attachments are gone to everything, then the Actions do not lead to impressions  and  so there is no desire . So these things  are REMOVED - DESTROYED  and so the afflictions  are removed .This has been stated before . But we are told that Yogi attains that level -called PADARTHBHAVINI ND TURYAGA levels which are 6th and 7th level of SAMADHI.